Marubozu Candlestick

Basics Of Marubozu Candlestick

Marubozu is a single candlestick pattern that is formed by just one candle. Marubozu candlesticks gives a very strong signal and can be an excellent addition to a systematic trading system that uses other techniques.

Marubozu is a Japanese word that means "Dominance". It indicates either the bulls or the bears were dominating the financial market. Marubozu can be Bullish or Bearish.

In this article, we are going to discuss all the basics concept of Marubozu because using them properly will give you a leg up in the market. The first thing that we want to cover with you is what Marubozu actually is?

A long red or green body candlestick with no shadow at either end is considered a 'Marubozu' candle

In simple words, A candle with a long real body and very little in the way of the shadow or wick is called 'Marubozu'.

representation of marubozu red and green candlesticks
Marubozu Candle Representation

The above figure, representing the three different Marubozu Candles. The candle 1 i.e red candle has no wick, the candle 2 i.e green candle has a very little wicks and the candle 3 i.e red candle has only small upper wick. Here all the candles are a valid Marubozu.

Note: Finding a perfect Marubozu Candle (with no wick) is quite difficult. So if there is a little wick available then you may consider it as a vaild Marubozu Candle.

Characteristics of Marubozu

  1. Marubozu can be Green or Red.
  2. Wide real body.
  3. A large real body indicates huge volatility during the session.
  4. No shadow or very small shadow present.
  5. A Marubozu candle lacks either an upper shadow or a lower shadow (On rare conditions it can lack both shadows).
  6. The trading range is wide. A wide range shows the increase in volatility.
  7. Green Marubozu signals extreme conviction among buyers.
  8. Red Marubozu signals extreme conviction among sellers.
  9. Green-Bullish Marubozu have open=low and close=high.
  10. Red-Bearish Marubozu have open=high and close=low.

Types Of Marubozu

There are two types of Marubozu—

  1. Bullish Marubozu
  2. Bearish Marubozu

Bearish vs Bullish Marubozu

representation of marubozu red and green candlesticks
Bearish vs Bullish

Conditions For Bullish Marubozu

We need the following three conditions for Bullish Marubozu—

  1. The close must be greater than the opening price.
  2. The high must equal the closing price.
  3. The low must equal the opening price.

Conditions For Bearish Marubozu

We need the following three conditions for Bearish Marubozu—

  1. The close must be lower than the opening price.
  2. The high must equal the closing price.
  3. The low must equal the opening price.

Interpreting Marubozu candlestick formation

  1. When the high price is equal to the open price and the low price is equal to the close price then a Bearish Marubozu is formed.

    This shows that the sellers are in control of the market. It is expected that bearishness may continue over the next few trading session(volume should be large).

  2. When the high is equal to the close price and the low of a candle is equal to the open price the Bullish Marubozu is formed.

    This shows that the buyers are dominating the market and is expected that bullishness may continue over the next few trading session(volume should be large).

How To Use Marubozu?

Marubozu candlestick pattern is a strong sign of trend reversal or trend continuation depending on its position on the chart.

There are four possible cases on the basis of the Marubozu candle's position.

Case 1— Bullish Marubozu in an uptrend

representation of marubozu red and green candlesticks
Bullish Marubozu appears in an uptrend indicates the continuation of a trend.

Case 2— Bullish Marubozu in a downtrend

representation of marubozu red and green candlesticks
Bullish Marubozu appears in a downtrend indicates the possibility of a trend reversal.

Case 3— Bearish Marubozu in an uptrend

representation of marubozu red and green candlesticks
Bearish Marubozu appears in an uptrend signals the possibility of a trend reversal.

Case 4— Bearish Marubozu in a downtrend

representation of marubozu red and green candlesticks
Bearish Marubozu appears in a downtrend indicates the continuation of a trend.

With high volume, Marubozu becomes more powerful. Check out the volume on the day it has been formed. It's significantly higher than other days which is a positive sign.
Before entering a trade based on Marubozu candle it is very important to check other factors(Don't expose your money to others blindly).

Instead of seeking to trade every Marubozu, it is more efficient to apply them to enhance your analysis.
It is effective not to trade extremely small or long candles, it could be a false setup.

In real marketplace conditions, a perfect Marubozu is pretty uncommon. For bullish Marubozu Open = Low, and High = Close. The price variation is not much when measured in terms of percent.

For example, The OHLC data for a candle is : Open = 771.8, High = 830.3, Low = 770.1, Close = 828.4
The variation between High and Close is 1.9, which is 0.22% to High. So when you trade based on Marubozu, be flexible
Formula used :
For bull - (High – Close)/Close
For bear - (Close – low)/Close

Keypoints— Marubozu Candle

  • Marubozu is easier to identify due to its wide range.
  • Strengthen our trading plan as a trend reversal or continuation.
  • Marubozu is factual and emotive as well.
  • By looking at Marubozu's candlestick, it is easy to say whether a period was bullish or bearish Marubozu (by the color).
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