Stock Market For Beginners Terms With S

Stock Glossary - S

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Stock Market Crash Vs Bear Market

The distinction between the two is based on speed (how quickly the declines occur) and length (how long they last).
Stock market crashes are quick and short, whereas bear markets are slow and prolonged. Those two do not always occur in the same decline.

S/R

Support/Resistance

Stock Buyback

When a company purchases its own share on the secondary market, is called a Stock Buyback.

Strike price

In contracts for put and call options, the price at which the option can be executed. The exercise price is also referred to as the basis price.

Short covering

A seller buying stocks in order to fulfill his prior commitments.

SEC (US)

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the US Government agency that enforces insider trading rules in the USA.

Shares Auction

If a short seller does not square off his position, his shares are auctioned off. Brokers participate in the auction market on behalf of their clients during post-market hours.
Any loss incurred as a result of such a transaction will be borne by the short seller, while any profit will be transferred to the IEPF (Investors Education and Protection Fund)

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